UNEP and the Green Economy – Four Decades in Development

1972-1982

  1. 1972 UNEP established after Stockholm UN Conference on the Human Environment.
    • UNEP provides global leadership and encourages partnership in caring for the environment.
  2. 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) adopted.
    • Over 30,000 species protected, contributing to sustainable development and achievement of MDGs.
  3. 1975 Adoption of the Mediterranean Action Plan.
    • Spearheaded the adoption of integrated coastal zone management in national policies and development plans of 16 Mediterranean countries and the European Community
  4. 1979 Bonn Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) established.
    • 116 member states.
    • Binding Agreements and Action Plans to protect 120 migratory species.
  5. 1982 The Montevideo Programme adopted by UNEP Governing Council setting priorities for global lawmaking.
    • Led to major agreements, including the Basel, Stockholm and Rotterdam Conventions and the Montreal Protocol.
    • Assisted 120 governments develop environmental legislation.