United Nations Environment Programme
environment for development
 Nairobi Convention Search 
Print Version
The Convention
Convention Text
Contracting Parties
National Focal Points
Institutional Structure
Information Center
Meetings & Events
Related Links
Contact Us

Amended Convention Text - as adopted in 2010

Protocol for the Protection of the Marine and Coastal Environment (LBSA Protocol)






Convention Text - as adopted in 1985

Protocol on Protected

Protocol on pollution emergencies








26 June 1990





Country Profile

Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896, but regained its independence in 1960. Madagascar is home to 5 percent of the world's plant and animal species, 80 percent of which are found nowhere else on Earth.

It has tremendous biodiversity and high rates of endemic species: of more than 200,000 known species found on Madagascar, about 150,000 exist nowhere else.

Unique to the island are some 70 kinds of lemurs, 223 out of 226 known species of frogs, and 33 species of tenrecs, miniature hedgehog-like animals.

However, it is one of the most threatened ecosystems on the planet. More than 80 percent of the forests are gone—half of them since the late 1950s—along with a number of large, charismatic species.

Capital City:


Geographic coordinates:

11° 57' and 25° 30' South and longitudes 43° 14' and 50° 27' East,


Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world with a surface area of 594,000 km sq. The geomorgraphy of Madagascar consists of a raised central plateau, which covers two thirds of the island and ranges in altitutude from 800 m to 2,600m.

Further Resources

 To access documents, reports&publications, data, map files, services (image, data and geographic) , photographs, and projects on Madagascar, kindly visit the Nairobi Convention Clearinghouse and Information Sharing System and the Madagascar Clearinghouse and Information Sharing System.

  Madagascar State of Coast Report (Draft). Download

 Focal Points Institutions roles and terms of reference. More

Madagascar's has resulted in a unique mix of plants and animals, many found nowhere else in the world; some ecologists refer to Madagascar as the "eighth continent".Of the 10,000 plants native to Madagascar, 90% are found nowhere else in the world. Madagascar's varied fauna and flora are endangered by human activity, as a third of its native vegetation has disappeared since the 1970s, and only 18% remains intact.It has several national parks.

The eastern, or windward side of the island is home to tropical rainforests, while the western and southern sides, which lie in the rain shadow of the central highlands, are home to tropical dry forests, thorn forests, and deserts and xeric shrublands.


19,448,815 (July 2007 est.)


5,100 km

Maritime claims:

Contiguous Zone: 24 NM, Territorial Sea: 12 NM, Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 NM, Continental Shelf: 200 NM or 100 NM from the 2,500-m deep isobath

Marine Parks:

The Nosy Atafana Marine Park located in the Biosphere reserve of Mananara-Nord and the Masoala Marine Park which consists of a complex of 3 separate marine protected areas.


Tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south

Elevation Points:

Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, Highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m


  • CIA World Factbook: Madagascar,
  • IRIN news and analysis: A project of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
  • Mongabay.com

Status Report

Draft National Status Report for Madagascar.

For more, please contact Ms. Chantal, the Focal Point for Madagascar

National Focal Points

The focal point for Madagascar is:

Ms. Chantal Andrianarivo

Point Focal de la Convention de Nairobi
Chef de Cellule Recherche et Biodiversité,
Association Nationale pour la Gestion des Aires Protégées (ANGAP), BP 1424 Antananarivo 101
Tel: (261) 20 22415 38/54,41883
Fax: (261) 20 22415 39
Email: val@angap.mg, chant_andri@yahoo.fr


The focal points institutions have been supported to operationalise their offices and to initiate a reporting mechanism for the Convention by compiling national status reports on the coastal and marine environment. Read More..