United Nations Environment Programme
environment for development
 Nairobi Convention Search 
Print Version
Home
About
The Convention
Convention Text
Protocols
Contracting Parties
National Focal Points
Institutional Structure
Publications
Clearinghouse
  Mechanism
Information Center
Meetings & Events
Related Links
Contact Us
 
Proposed priority birds list

Introduction


Further Resources

 Protocol Concerning Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora in the Eastern African Region

 Lists of important species compiled for each Contracting Party;

The Nairobi Convention Protocol Concerning Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora in the Eastern African Region recognises the importance of protecting and improving the state of the wild fauna and flora of the Eastern African region as natural resources that constitute important cultural, scientific, recreational, educational and economic heritage.

The Protocol urges the Contracting Parties to take the appropriate measures to “maintain essential ecological processes and life support systems, to preserve genetic diversity, and to ensure the sustainable utilization of harvested natural resources under their jurisdiction”. There are four Annexes to the protocol listing wild fauna and flora of ecological importance in the Convention area. Annex II comprises endangered fauna species that the Contracting Parties should strictly safeguard from any adverse impact.

Birds are listed in Annex II based on their threat status and ecological importance to the wider ecosystem; however the current list of birds is out of date and incomplete. For example, no seabird species are listed, some species are already extinct (i.e. Snail-eating Coua Coua delalandei, Aldabra Brush Warbler Nesillas aldabrana and Alaotra Grebe Tachybaptus rufolavatus), while a few are outside the geographical range of the Nairobi Convention area or are not threatened in their entire population range. Therefore a complete review of the birds listed on Annex II was deemed necessary.

BirdLife International coordinated this review with the support of the Nairobi Convention Secretariat and a National Task Force of experts from each country.


Proposed revised birds list with 108 species

Scientific Name Common Name Status Population Associated habitat type Country
Diomedea dabbenena Tristan Albatross CR Declining Marine oceanic South Africa
Haliaeetus vociferoides Madagascar Fish-eagle CR Declining Mangroves, Marine coastal Madagascar
Otus capnodes Anjouan Scops-owl CR Declining Forest Comoros
Otus moheliensis Mohéli Scops-owl CR Declining Artificial, Forest Comoros
Otus pauliani Grand Comoro Scops-owl CR Declining Forest Comoros
Pseudobulweria aterrima Mascarene Petrel CR Declining Marine neritic, Marine oceanic, Shrubland Mauritius, Reunion
Terpsiphone corvina Seychelles Paradise-flycatcher CR Increasing Forest Seychelles
Zosterops chloronothus Mauritius Olive White-eye CR Declining Forest Mauritius
Acrocephalus griseldis Basra Reed-warbler EN Declining Wetlands Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania
Acrocephalus rodericanus Rodrigues Warbler EN Stable Forest Mauritius
Anas bernieri Madagascar Teal EN Declining Mangroves, Marine neritic Madagascar
Anthreptes pallidigaster Amani Sunbird EN Declining Forest Kenya
Anthus sokokensis Sokoke Pipit EN Declining Forest Kenya, Tanzania
Ardea humbloti Madagascar Heron EN Declining Mangroves, Marine intertidal, Marine intertidal, Wetlands Comoros, Madagascar, Reunion
Ardeola idae Madagascar Pond-heron EN Declining Forest, Mangroves Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Reunion, Seychelles, Tanzania
Copsychus sechellarum Seychelles Magpie-robin EN Increasing Forest Seychelles
Dicrurus fuscipennis Grand Comoro Drongo EN Stable Artificial, Forest Comoros
Diomedea sanfordi Northern Royal Albatross EN Declining Marine oceanic South Africa
Foudia rubra Mauritius Fody EN Stable Forest Mauritius
Humblotia flavirostris Grand Comoro Flycatcher EN Declining Forest Comoros
Hypsipetes olivaceus Mauritius Black Bulbul EN Stable Forest Mauritius
Otus ireneae Sokoke Scops-owl EN Declining Forest Kenya
Phalacrocorax neglectus Bank Cormorant EN Declining Marine coastal South Africa
Phoebetria fusca Sooty Albatross EN Declining Marine oceanic South Africa
Ploceus golandi Clarke's Weaver EN Declining Forest Kenya
Psittacula eques Echo Parakeet EN Increasing Forest Mauritius
Pterodroma baraui Barau's Petrel EN Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Reunion, South Africa
Spheniscus demersus African Penguin EN Declining Marine coastal Mozambique, South Africa
Thalassarche carteri Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross EN Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa
Thalassarche chlororhynchos Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross EN Declining Marine oceanic South Africa
Thalassarche melanophrys Blackbrowed Albatross EN Declining Marine oceanic Mozambique, South Africa
Threskiornis bernieri Madagascar Sacred Ibis EN Declining Forest, Mangroves, Marine intertidal Madagascar, Seychelles
Zoothera guttata Spotted Ground-thrush EN Declining Forest Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania
Acrocephalus sechellensis Seychelles Warbler VU Increasing Forest Seychelles
Bugeranus carunculatus Wattled Crane VU Declining Marine coastal Mozambique
Charadrius thoracicus Madagascar Plover VU Declining Marine coastal Madagascar
Circus macrosceles Madagascar Harrier VU Declining Artificial, Grassland Comoros
Coracina typica Mauritius Cuckoo-shrike VU Stable Forest Mauritius
Dicrurus waldenii Mayotte's Drongo VU Declining Forest, Mangroves Reunion
Diomedea epomophora Southern Royal Albatross VU Stable Marine oceanic South Africa
Diomedea exulans Wandering Albatross VU Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa
Egretta vinaceigula Slaty Egret VU Declining Wetlands Mozambique
Falco punctatus Mauritius Kestrel VU Declining Forest Mauritius
Foudia flavicans Rodrigues Fody VU Increasing Forest Mauritius
Glareola ocularis Madagascar Pratincole VU Declining Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania
Morus capensis Cape Gannet VU Declining Marine coastal, Marine oceanic South Africa
Nesoenas mayeri Pink Pigeon VU Declining Forest Mauritius
Otus pembaensis Pemba Scops-owl VU Declining Forest Tanzania
Phalacrocorax nigrogularis Socotra Cormorant VU Declining Marine coastal, Marine neritic, Rocky areas Somalia
Procellaria aequinoctialis Whitechinned Petrel VU Declining Marine oceanic Mozambique, South Africa
Procellaria conspicillata Spectacled Petrel VU Increasing Marine oceanic South Africa
Pterodroma arminjoniana Round Island Petrel VU Stable Forest, Marine oceanic, Marine coastal, Marine oceanic Mauritius
Thalassarche chrysostoma Grey-headed Albatross VU Declining Marine oceanic South Africa
Treron pembaensis Pemba Green-pigeon VU Declining Forest Tanzania
Zosterops mouroniensis Mount Karthala White-eye VU Declining Forest, Shrubland Comoros
Anthreptes reichenowi Plain-backed Sunbird NT Declining Forest Kenya
Campethera notata Knysna Woodpecker NT Declining Forest South Africa
Charadrius pallidus Chestnutbanded Plover NT Stable Marine intertidal Mozambique, South Africa
Circaetus fasciolatus Southern Banded Snake-eagle NT Declining Forest Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania
Columba pollenii Comoro Olive-pigeon NT Declining Forest Comoros
Haematopus moquini African Black Oystercatcher NT Increasing Marine intertidal South Africa
Larus leucophthalmus White-eyed Gull NT Stable Marine coastal, Marine intertidal, Marine neritic Somalia
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew NT Declining Marine intertidal Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Seychelles
Phalacrocorax capensis Cape Cormorant NT Stable Marine coastal South Africa
Phalacrocorax coronatus Crowned Cormorant NT Stable Marine coastal South Africa
Phoeniconaias minor Lesser Flamingo NT Declining Marine intertidal Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa
Procellaria cinerea Grey Petrel NT Declining Marine oceanic Mozambique, South Africa
Puffinus griseus Sooty Shearwater NT Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mozambique
Sheppardia gunningi East Coast Akalat NT Declining Forest Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania
Sterna balaenarum Damara Tern NT Stable Marine coastal, Marine intertidal South Africa
Tauraco fischeri Fischer's Turaco NT Declining Forest, Shrubland Kenya, Tanzania
Thalassarche cauta Shy Albatross NT Unknown Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa
Thalassarche steadi White-capped Albatross NT Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mozambique
Cisticola restrictus Tana River Cisticola DD Unknown Shrubland Kenya
Anous tenuirostris Lesser Noddy LC Stable Forest, Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone LC Declining Marine intertidal Madagascar, Seychelles
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper LC Increasing Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Calidris minuta Little Stint LC Declining Wetlands Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sand Plover LC Unknown Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Charadrius marginatus White-fronted Plover LC Declining Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sand Plover LC Unknown Marine coastal, Wetlands Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania
Dromas ardeola Crab Plover LC Stable Marine intertidal, Marine neritic Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania
Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird LC Declining Mangroves, Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles
Fregata minor Greater Frigatebird LC Declining Mangroves, Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles
Halcyon senegaloides Mangrove Kingfisher LC Declining Mangroves Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Somalia
Larus hemprichii Sooty Gull LC Declining Marine coastal, Marine intertidal, Marine neritic Kenya, Madagascar
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel LC Declining Marine coastal, Marine intertidal, Marine neritic, Wetlands Madagascar, Tanzania
Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird LC Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles
Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed Tropicbird LC Stable Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo LC Increasing Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Platalea alba African Spoonbill LC Stable Marine coastal Madagascar, Tanzania
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover LC Declining Marine intertidal Madagascar, Mozambique
Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater LC Declining Forest, Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles
Sterna albifrons Little Tern LC Declining Marine coastal, Marine intertidal Mozambique
Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern LC Unknown Marine coastal, Marine intertidal, Marine neritic, Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia
Sterna bengalensis Lesser Crested Tern LC Stable Marine coastal, Marine neritic Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania
Sterna bergii Great Crested Tern LC Stable Marine coastal Madagascar, Seychelles, Tanzania
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern LC Increasing Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern LC Unknown Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania
Sterna fuscata Sooty Tern LC Unknown Marine coastal Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Tanzania
Sterna hirundo Common Tern LC Declining Marine coastal Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania
Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern LC Declining Artificial, Marine coastal, Marine intertidal, Marine neritic Kenya, Tanzania
Sterna saundersi Saunders's Tern LC Declining Marine neritic Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania
Sterna sumatrana Black-naped Tern LC Unknown Marine coastal Madagascar, Seychelles
Sula dactylatra Masked Booby LC Declining Marine coastal Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Tanzania
Sula leucogaster Brown Booby LC Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Seychelles
Sula sula Red-footed Booby LC Declining Marine oceanic Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles
Xenus cinereus Terek Sandpiper LC Stable Marine coastal Madagascar, Tanzania