Mongolia’ unique geographical and climatic situation and its specific socioeconomic conditions based on a traditional nomadic way of life and associated economic activities make it very sensitive to the impacts of climate change. The assessment shows that certain impacts have already been observed, annual mean temperature has increased by 2.14°C during the last 70 years and precipitation has decreased in most regions except western part of the country. The future climate scenario for Mongolia projects changes such as increased air temperatures, increased precipitation in some areas but--nevertheless--reduction of water resources and area of arable land. The most vulnerable areas in Mongolia are the agricultural, livestock, land use, water resources, energy, tourism and residential sectors. Adaptation is thus essential to reduce the country’s vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change.
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