Building resilience
to climate change
Moving towards
low carbon societies
Reducing Emissions
from Deforestation
and forest Degradation
New finance models
for the green economy

Region Profile

Fast-Growing Energy Demand and Fossil Fuels Dependency:

Energy demand in SEA countries more than doubled, from 230 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) in 1990 to 490 Mtoe in 2007 which represents 4% of global energy demand in 2007.
Fossil fuels accounted for 74% of the energy supply in 2007, followed by combustible biomass and waste with 22%, geothermal and hydro supplying 3% of energy, respectively.
Electricity generation in these countries increased nearly fourfold over the same period.

Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation Regulatory Frameworks:

There is no regulatory framework at the ASEAN regional level. Regulatory frameworks in various forms (Laws, Acts, Presidential Instruction, Executive Orders, etc..), covering the whole Energy Sector or specific segments (gas supply, electricity supply, commercial and industrial energy end-uses, etc…) are already in place in countries such as Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation Policy Measures:

Most countries of the ASEAN region have developed Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation Policy measures for various sectors, consisting of a mixed portfolio of Regulatory Measures, Voluntary Measures, and Financial Measures. The status of policy development in ASEAN member countries and its focus are diverse due to differences in the development growth paths, political and economic contexts, governance and institutional capacity, financial resources as well as the availability of natural resources of these countries.
Examples of Regulatory Measures include: Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) and Labeling, Building Energy Codes, Electrical Energy Management Systems, etc...
Examples of Voluntary Measures include: Energy Labeling, Energy Efficient Building Guidelines, Energy Efficiency Labeling schemes, Industrial Energy Efficiency and High Efficiency Motors, Car pool and car-less days, etc… Examples of Financial Measures include: Tax Incentives (e.g. tax exemptions on EE equipment imports), Low Interest Loans, EE Revolving Funds, Free/Subsidized Energy Audits, Green Vehicle Rebate, Grant for EE Technologies, other Rebates and Subsidies, etc…
Learning from experience of other countries in the region and/or pursuing efforts for the harmonization of relevant policies at the regional level represent ways to achieve faster results in a cost-effective way, which the Network aims to facilitate.

Untapped Sources of Energy:

Hydropower: Important potential totals which includes significant mini-and micro-hydro potentials in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.

Bioenergy: Bioenergy resources are large and many: agricultural and forestry residues, energy and forestry crops, animal residues, and municipal solid waste. There is important biogas potential in the region based on animal waste.

Solar thermal energy: Solar photovoltaics (PV) are used for off-grid applications. Grid connected penetration of PV is nearly non-existent. The technical potential for low temperature solar thermal heat is large, while the potential for solar thermal electricity (also referred to as concentrating solar power) is low.

Wind energy: Wind potential totals tens of gigawatts (GW) across the region with Vietnam and the Philippines leading.

Geothermal Energy: Indonesia and the Philippines have technical potentials for geothermal which rank among the world's largest. The Philippines have the second-largest utilization worldwide of geothermal energy for power generation, followed by Indonesia.

Ocean Energy: First indications are that at least the Philippines and Indonesia have huge technical potentials. However they relate to still non-mature technologies

Policy support for Renewable Energy:

Nearly all SEA countries have adopted medium-and long-term targets for renewable energy. Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand also recently announced CO2 emissions reduction targets in support of the Copenhagen Accord. Interest in renewable varies considerably among the SEA countries. Renewable energy targets for the medium and long term are much more ambitious in some countries than in others, with Thailand and Indonesia at the forefront.

Member countries

SEAN-CC covers the 10 ASEAN countries namely: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

Target audience

National Climate Change Focal Points

The Southeast Asian national climate change focal points to the UNFCCC are the first target partners and primary beneficiaries of the initiative. In order to keep institutional memory, ensure continuity of participation and facilitate discussion and implementation at national level, a team of 2-3 members selected in each National Climate Change Office are the core Network members and primary contacts in each member country.

Energy Institutions and energy professionals

Ministries in charge of Energy, other national energy institutions and energy intensive sectors of the economy are the next target partners and primary beneficiaries of the initiative - as they have a key role to play in Climate Change mitigation activities especially in promoting low carbon technologies and implementing EE&C initiatives. With the support of the national climate change focal points, the SEAN-CC Secretariat develops a strong collaboration and engages with the Ministries in charge of Energy (i.e. decision makers and staff leading EE&C activities), other national energy institutions (i.e. chief advisors, researchers and/or scientists in energy institutes, agencies and other national centers of excellence of the energy sector), and energy professionals (i.e. managers working in industries, utilities, etc) in the SEAN-CC member countries.

Regional organizations, institutions, centers of excellence, networks and initiatives

SEAN-CC engages with relevant Regional organizations, institutions, centers of excellence, networks and initiatives as well as International organizations active in the region who could contribute to the project activities, provide support, advice and expertise for policy, market mechanisms and project development and/or partner with the project to conduct joint activities.

International organizations, networks and initiatives

SEAN-CC engages with relevant international organizations, networks and initiatives to enhance the impact and effectiveness of existing and future climate change networks and initiatives in the region by identifying and bridging remaining gaps, and ensuring greater regional coherence and coordination.

Other ministries and agencies at the national level

SEAN-CC also provides support to relevant staff of other ministries and agencies with climate change competences (e.g. industry, national bureaus of standards, agriculture, etc.) when deemed relevant for the success of the activities.

How SEAN-CC operates

SEAN-CC Secretariat

The SEAN-CC Secretariat based in the UNEP Regional Office for Asia-Pacific in Bangkok, Thailand, provides day-to-day support for the implementation of the various Network activities at regional and national levels. The Secretariat staff accumulates a wide range of capabilities and technical experience on the various components of climate change in Asia, including background on intergovernmental processes, experience and technical expertise on mitigation and adaptation planning and implementation in industry and at different levels of government. It is supported technically and methodologically by dedicated staff at the UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE, Paris) which provide back stopping services to the SEAN-CC Secretariat, as well as a link between the Southeast Asia Network activities and the broader UNEP DTIE climate change programmes and projects, including si milar networks in other regions of the world with which lessons and good practices are constantly shared.

Defining SEAN-CC priorities and related activities

The overall SEAN-CC priorities are jointly defined with the national climate change focal points during bi-annual Network meetings which also are the opportunity to review progress and assess the ongoing or completed Network activities. On the basis of the overall SEAN-CC priorities, the SEAN-CC Secretariat designs Network activities by responding to direct requests from the countries and communications, country missions and bilateral meetings with national and regional partners and stakeholders. The National Climate Change focal points and SEAN-CC Secretariat liaise with other relevant officials and stakeholders in the respective countries in order to ensure their engagement to take part in Network activities, as appropriate.

For more information on the overall priorities for 2011-2012 and related strategy click here.

Key activities

Project activities are designed so that they are in line with the priorities identified and agreed with the national climate change focal points. Most of them are directly derived from the work plan discussed and endorsed during the Regional Network meetings held regularly; additional ones are sometimes initiated during the interim period between two such meetings responding to direct country requests as long that they are in line with the priorities of the project and offer potential for applicability or up-taking in other countries.

SEAN-CC activities cover technical assistance (including policy advice), capacity building, and knowledge generation and information sharing in the areas of:

  • Sustainable energy, energy efficiency and energy conservation.
  • Low carbon technologies and technology transfer.
  • Energy management and Energy auditing.
  • Carbon finance and funding mechanisms.
  • Climate change negotiations, National communications and GHG reporting, analysis, measurement and verification.

Technical assistance and policy advice

SEAN-CC technical assistance and policy advice activities include support for:

  • Sustainable energy, energy efficiency and energy conservation.
  • Conducting market and feasibility assessments.
  • Designing sector specific technology transfer programs/initiatives (for the phase out of obsolete technologies and/or deployment of Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs).
  • Identifying mitigation and technology priorities.
  • Developing enabling policies, harmonized standards and regulations.
  • Designing pilot and demonstration projects.
  • Assisting with related fund mobilization.