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Africa Environment Outlook


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AEO Process


The AEO process is based on wide consultation and participation between UNEP and various partners, with inputs by scientists and other experts from national and sub-regional institutions in Africa. It reflects a variety of regional and sub-regional perspectives and priorities. The AEO process involves six collaborating centres (CCs) producing sub-regional environment assessment and policy retrospective reports for Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa and the Western Indian Ocean Islands. The Collaborating Centres, using their national networks, within the AEIN framework and capacities built through the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) process, coordinate inputs and the peer reviews in their sub-regions.

[AEO Sub-regions and Countries...]

Throughout the AEO-2 process, the AMCEN Inter-Agency Technical Committee (IATC) provided policy guidance. The committee reviewed and approved the proposed structure of the report in March 2004. In February 2005, IATC endorsed the draft recommendations of the report for approval by the AMCEN special session which met in Dakar in March 2005. The final draft report was presented to IATC for a final review and approval for publication in November 2005.
The process also involves other UN agencies, i.e. UNDP, the UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Union (AU) and regional economic bodies, i.e. Southern African Development Community (SADC), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), AMU and the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), among others.

Capacity-building is an integral part of the AEO process. Through collaboration with experts and stakeholders at multiple levels, the process has enhanced ability at the national level to undertake effective state of the environment assessments, in a way that is policy relevant by.

  • Harnessing professional skills and methodologies for analysing data and generating policy-oriented and targeted environmental information, and for integrating such information into sustainable development decision making.
  • Supporting and catalysing networking and the development of the infrastructure and support mechanisms for a comprehensive and harmonized national sustainable development data foundation using the integrated environmental assessments and reporting methodology.



Sources of Information

In compiling the sub-regional inputs, national level information and data sources are used. These data sources are then compared and harmonised with data available from regional sources and international sources and other UN agencies. The Collaborating Centres and national level inputs are harmonized using agreed standards and formats and therefore standardisation of data is important to ensure consistency in the report.