The United Nations presence in Sudan, covering peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, and development, is not without its own environmental footprint. The UN’s work needs to reflect the context of Sudan’s numerous severe environmental challenges, ranging from desertification, drought and unplanned urbanisation. UNEP advises the UN family on how to reduce their environmental impact, for example by pioneering new environmental technology. Environmental mainstreaming goes beyond the humanitarian principle of ‘do no harm’ by promoting activities which have a positive impact on the environment.
The approach UNEP is promoting is that all project implementers carry out the following four steps:
Contextualise interventions in light of environmental vulnerabilities in project areas;
Assess interventions for negative environmental impact;
Mitigate against these impacts;
Enhance positive environmental impact and promote sustainable natural resource management.
The assessment phase uses an ‘Environmental Marker’ to identify if projects have High or Medium negative impact, no impact, or if they positively contribute to the environment. UNEP works in the following contexts:
- 1. Humanitarian: UNEP screens the Sudan Humanitarian workplan for environmental impact, and provides trainings and technical advice to to the Humanitarian Sectors.
- 2. Development: UNEP screens the Sudan United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and supports the UNCT to mainstream environment and climate change.
- 3. Peacekeeping: UNEP provides technical advice on environmental matters for UN Peacekeeping Missions in Sudan, including the United National Assistance Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).
Key Reference Documents