GE-TOP Report

Green Economy and Trade - Trends, Challenges and Opportunities

This report has been prepared by the Trade, Policy and Planning Unit of the United Nations Environment Programme. It is a key component of the “Green Economy and Trade Opportunities Project”. The report aims to:

  • Identify a range of international trade opportunities in various key economic sectors associated with the transition to a green economy;
  • Identify policies and measures that may act as facilitators and overcome hindrances to seizing trade opportunities arising from the transition to a green economy; and
  • Assist governments, the private sector and other stakeholders to build capacity to take advantage of sustainable trade opportunities at the national, regional or international level.

Download the Full Report (302 pages - 11.4 MB)

DOWNLOAD CHAPTERS
Title Page
Foreword, About this Report,
Acknowledgements, Contents
This chapter identifies trends and trade opportunities in the agriculture sector associated with a transition to a green economy. It explores how developing countries can respond to international demand for sustainable goods and services in this sector.
This chapter identifies general trends and trade opportunities associated with the transition to a green economy in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. It explores ways of responding to the international demand for sustainable fish and fish products and how they could be better integrated into relevant markets.
This chapter identifies the trends and trade opportunities in the forests sector associated with a transition to a green economy. It explores how developing countries can respond to growing international demand for environmentally friendly goods and services in this sector. The chapter also lays out the main challenges with taking advantage of the opportunities and offers suggestions on how to address them.
This chapter identifies how the transition to a green economy presents trade opportunities for the manufacturing sector in developing countries. For developing countries, facilitating green manufacturing processes can stimulate innovation and enhance international competitiveness, translating into opportunities for increasing trade and global market share.
This chapter identifies the trends and trade opportunities in the renewable energy sector associated with a transition to a green economy. It explores how developing countries can respond to international demand for sustainable goods and services in this sector.
This chapter first provides a brief overview of the current state of the tourism industry. It then identifies how the transition to a green economy presents existing and potential trade opportunities for tourism and travelrelated services in developing countries. The main challenges with taking advantage of the opportunities are also analysed along with suggestions on how to address them.