IEA Training Manual
The purpose of the IEA Training Manual is to help build capacity for forward-looking integrated environmental assessment (IEA) and reporting at the sub-global level. For the purposes of this publication, we define IEA as the process of producing and communicating future-oriented, policy-relevant information on key interactions between the natural environment and human society.

IEA Training Manual Instructor Guidance
All of the materials in the IEA Training Manual are intended for adaptation and widespread use. It will be important for any instructor or team of instructors to customize material for their specific application and location. Therefore, materials presented here should be seen as the base from which one starts planning for a workshop on integrated environmental assessment (IEA) using the GEO approach.

More on Developing and Delivering Training
This Manual is intended for use by those who deliver or plan to deliver training on the Integrated Environmental Assessment. It was composed to be useful for both professional educators and trainers and for trainers at the beginner-level.

The IEA Training Manual Customization Guidelines
This document identify core concepts and central elements of the Training Manual that must be retained in an adaptation and provide directions on how to structure the customization process to optimize the benefits. The guidelines are intended to assist users with adapting the Training Manual for applications that accept the overall IEA approach, but need to follow some alternative methodologies. Users are encouraged to use the skeleton of the Modules, consider the guidance offered below, and develop region specific, workshop-specific and application-specific tools that will allow participants to benefit most.
  Download the Guidelines

Training Manual on Integrated Environmental Assessment and Reporting in Africa
The Training Manual on Integrated Environmental Assessment and Reporting in Africa is the first in a series of training materials and guidelines whose main objective is to build capacity in the region in environmental assessment and reporting at different levels. The UNEP Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA) has, through its Africa Programme, coordinated this initiative. The main objective of the manual is to enhance understanding the role of environmental assessment and reporting to policy processes and sustainable development. Ultimately, a good environmental assessment report can only be effective if it conveys scientific developments and trends for the policymaker to respond with appropriate decisions and policies to address a particular problem of challenge.
  Download (Manual 188 pages, English (1.1 mb))

Overview of international assessment landscape considering elements of best practice
This report presents an overview of the global assessment landscape and highlight elements of best practice with respect to the future undertaking of major assessments. It includes an analysis of existing and ongoing sub-regional and regional assessments from a multi-thematic perspective.
  Download (Overview 56 pages, English (1.2 mb))

GEO Cities Methodology
This Methodology aims to help stakeholders analyze the interactions between urban development and the environment. It applies the pressures-state-impacts-responses (PSIR) matrix used to prepare the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series. Municipalities can use this tool to prepare an integrated environmental assessment of their city, and to support informed policy-making on issues affecting the urban environment.
PDF format  Download (Methodology 202 pages, English (6 mb))

Cookbook for SOE reporting
GRID-Arendal's Cookbook for State of the Environment Reporting on the Internet is a 32-page booklet which provides easy-to-use methodological guidance for the development of electronic environmental status reports. Published on the internet and CD-ROM in 1998.
Available at:

A checklist for SoE reporting
The intention of this checklist for SoE reporting is thus to support a greater harmonisation of environmental information through the development and encouragement of common approaches, practices and terminology. The report first lists the condensed checklist, and thereafter an annotated version of the checklist.
Available at:

The objective of PEARL (Prototype Environmental Assessment and Reporting Landscape) is to provide governments and the international community with a comprehensive overview from both a thematic and geographic perspective of the various environmental assessments completed or being undertaken globally. It serves as a tool to provide timely, relevant, reliable and targeted information on what is being done by various institutions to keep the global environmental situation under continuous review.
Available at:

Scientific Articles

László Pintér International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
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Integrated Ecosystem Assessments: Developing the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem-Based Management of the Ocean
Phillip S. Levin, Michael J. Fogarty, Steven A. Murawski, David Fluharty
PDF format Download (0,5 MB)

An Integrated Approach to Watershed Management within the DPSIR Framework: Axios River Catchment and Thermaikos Gulf
A.P. Karageorgis, M.S. Skourtos, V. Kapsimalis, A.D. Kontogianni, N.Th. Skoulikidis, K. Pagou, N.P. Nikolaidis, P. Drakopoulou, B. Zanou, H. Karamanos, Z. Levkov, Ch. Anagnostou
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Conceptualizing sustainable development. An assessment methodology connecting values, knowledge, worldviews and scenarios
Bert J.M. de Vries, Arthur C. Petersen. Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, P.O. Box 303, 3720 AH Bilthoven, The Netherlands
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