First Step - UK Music Industry Greenhouse Gas Emissions for 2007
(Botterill C, Lye G, Boykoff M, Liverman D)

Jam Packed; Part 1: Audience Travel Emissions from Festivals (2009)
(Botterill C, Jones M, Papageorgiou S)

The Carbon Impacts of Recorded Music Production in a Time of Transition

Impacts and Opportunities: Reducing the Emissions of CD Packaging

Cranford University with support by Julie’s Bicycle, Master’s Thesis
Digital Music Behavior and Music Perceptions of Carbon Impacts

(Chapman TR)

Tools and Auditing

Online measurement and management tools include;

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
Is currently undertaking a Sector Supplement into the events industry. When this is complete (24 months from November 2009) the industry (events – cultural, sports and business) will have a final set of measures (both metrics and descriptive) through which the industry can measure the sustainability impacts and benefits of events.

Industry Green (UK)
Julie’s Bicycle has created the Industry Green (IG) framework which aims to have the music industry measure, reduce and report their carbon emissions. It is a 24mth program through which time measured emissions reductions should be achieved. An ‘IG’ Mark is awarded as a certification to stamp it as a carbon reducing activity/organization.

IG Tool (UK)
Created by Julie’s Bicycle as part of their IG Framework, it is a carbon calculator and accompanying information sheets on reducing the environmental impact of festival production.

EPA’s Carbon and Ecological Footprint Event Calculator (Australia)
Helps organisers plan a low footprint event by highlighting the main environmental impacts of an event, helping to identify actions to avoid and reduce the impacts – for organisers, delegates, host venues and exhibitors, and helping organisers plan and achieve a carbon neutral event. The Calculator measures the ecological and carbon footprint of an event. It uses life cycle assessment to estimate the carbon equivalents produced as a result of the event.

Sustainable Events Planner (Australia)
The Sustainable Living Foundation is a community-based not-for-profit organization committed to creating major platforms to help accelerate the uptake of sustainable living. The Sustainable Event Planner aims to assist event organisers and their visitors make sustainability the main event.

Sustainable Event Management System (International)
SEMS is a sustainability tool designed for the production of events. It measures sustainability results by event type and industry. Mention you heard about it in this book for a discount on your subscription.

Event Footprinter (UK)
Best Foot Forward, based in the UK, has developed an online footprinting tool for events. For those event organisers who feel they need to establish a footprint, perhaps to report to a client or to consider offsetting, this can be a useful tool.

EventBerry (UK)
Helps manage sustainability and takes them through the process of BS8901 compliance in easy, manageable chunks.

Greening Guides

Environmental Handbook, For Festivals and Outdoor Events (Norway)
Written by Hanne Bjørseth (Oya Festivalen) in conjunction with GRIP Norway.

Green Music Guide (UK)
Julie’s Bicycle produced a document for the Mayor of London on greening the music industry. The Green Music Guide is a ‘how-to’ for music companies and individuals interested in greening their activities – from touring to offices, recording studios to festivals.

Live Earth Green Event Guidelines (International)
Originally written in line with the 2007 Live Earth concerts, this guide has been updated in 2010.

Sustainable Event Management: A Practical Guide (International)
A step by step guide to sustainable event management, it takes the reader through all areas of event management and their environmental impacts. Includes case studies, checklists and how to guides.