Rio+20, 20 - 22 June 2012
Rio De Janeiro, Brazil


Sustainable Consumption and Production

Untitled Document

Sustainable consumption and production (SCP) is an overarching objective of and an essential requirement for sustainable development, as recognised in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002. That Summit called on all stakeholders to “encourage and promote the development of a 10-year framework of programmes (10YFP) in support of regional and national initiatives to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production to promote social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems by addressing and, where appropriate, delinking economic growth and environmental degradation through improving efficiency and sustainability in the use of resources and production processes; and reducing resource degradation, pollution and waste.”

During the last two decades, much progress has been made towards sustainable consumption and production, following action by governments and wide range of other stakeholders.  For example, the Marrakech Process – a bottom-up multi-stakeholder process - was launched in 2003 in order to respond to JPOI call. It identified regional SCP needs and priorities, and supported the development of regional SCP strategies, and the implementation of 70 SCP initiatives worldwide, including many national SCP policies and  action plans.  Capacity building, training and SCP tool kits in the areas of sustainable procurement, tourism, buildings and construction, products, education and lifestyles, as well as various communications tools and awareness raising activities have also undertaken.

SCP 4 Businesses and civil society have also shown to be dynamic actors in the promotion of SCP. Indeed, many information-based policies and schemes are voluntary and based on principles of corporate social and environmental responsibility (CSER). An increasing number of businesses have implemented resource efficiency, safer and cleaner production and environmental management programmes.  Similarly, civil society worldwide civil society organizations are important channels for informing, training, enabling and empowering citizens.

The 10YFP was one of five themes reviewed and negotiated at CSD 18 and CSD19. The willingness of both developed and developing countries to develop and implement a 10YFP was clear during these meetings. Unfortunately, while an agreed draft of this framework was developed at CSD 19, it was not adopted due to differences between countries on other issues. It is, however, currently proposed for adoption at the UNCSD (Rio+20).

As a cross-cutting issue SCP encompasses various policy tools and sectors, some of which are under consideration and constitute important elements from other parts of the “Draft Outcome Document for Rio+20” including:

Rio+20 is a unique opportunity, two decades after the Earth Summit, to strengthen worldwide cooperation on SCP, to achieve this central objective of sustainable development.  Adoption of the 10YFP at the Rio+20 Summit would provide broad, solid, inclusive and coherent framework for this cooperation, implementation of which could follow quickly after the Summit.

The documents on this website provide more information on past experience with SCP policies and capacity building, on proposed elements of the 10YFP, and on their actual and potential contribution to sustainable development and poverty alleviation.