UNEP is focusing on both mitigation and adaptation and the objective is to strengthen the ability of countries in integrating climate change responses into national development processes. While recognizing that countries have common but differentiated responsibilities in contributing to climate change. The focus of the activities in Adaptation is to achieve tangible results in the countries in Africa. The work primarily focuses on highly vulnerable ecosystems (drylands and low lying coastal lands), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and megadeltas, to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience to Climate Change.
On mitigation, the primary focus is on middle income, emerging and carbon intensive economies where the majority of gains can be realised. Assisting countries to access finance for appropriate technologies, cleaner goods and services. The activities focus on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and carbon markets in countries with low CDM penetration in Africa. In the Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) programme, land use (including land use change) and forestry activities in response to expressed requests from the African countries, especially those with large tropical forests.