Climate Change

Key activities

  • Networking and sharing of knowledge across the region on the four pillars of the Bali Action Plan (Mitigation, technology, Adaptation, Finance)
  • Supporting countries in the region to prepare National Communications to UNFCCC
  • Provision of Advisory Services to promote CDM, RE, EE, etc
  • Conducting Impacts, Vulnerability & Adaptation Assessments
  • Technology Transfer
  • Finance & Capacity Building

Regional work

Regional Network for Climate Change in West Asia (WARN-CC)

  • Development a Platform for information and knowledge sharing
  • Database of experts and institutions
  • Developing Network website
  • Capacity Building Activities

The West Asia Climate Change Network was launched in September 2010 in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It supersedes the Regional Adaptation Network initiated in 2009. The main purpose of the Network is to facilitate exchange of experience, information and knowledge among its members on aspects of climate change of relevance to the West Asia region including but not limited to adaptation, mitigation, technology and finance. Initially, members of the Network will be the Climate Change Focal Points from West Asia countries. Gradually, the Network will be expanded to include other national and regional participants. The Network will mobilize the resources of relevant regional centers and ground networks to enhance key scientific, technical and most importantly institutional capacity for climate change management in a synergic and coherent manner.

The network objectives are:

  • Sharing knowledge and information
  • Gathering the latest UNFCCC & KP matters
  • Assess opportunities for funding and technical cooperation
  • Identifying regional needs and programs that can be conveyed to COPs
  • Link regional centers and enhance capacities of researchers
  • Platform for training on various aspects
  • Propose/review studies/reports on climate change in the region
  • Enhance engagement of climate change stakeholders (universities, civil society organization (CSO), private sector, media, etc)

For more info please visit the Network website

Regional Capacity Building

Training workshops on access to adaptation funding, local approach to climate change

Preparing the Adaptation Strategy for GCC countries

Efficient Lighting Initiative

Electricity for lighting accounts for 19 per cent of global power consumption and 6 - 8 per cent of worldwide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions - more than the total emissions of Germany and Japan combined. If a global transition to efficient lighting occurred, these emissions could be reduced by half. By simply replacing all incandescent lamps with energy efficient compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) around the world, 409 TWh (Terawatt hours) per year would be saved which is 2.3% of global electricity consumption. Energy savings from the phase-out of inefficient lamps worldwide would result in a cost savings of close to US$47 billion.

Lighting is responsible for 1900 million tonnes of global CO2 emissions which means that the potential for GHG emission reduction is enormous. Almost 40 per cent of future global energy demand for lighting could be avoided by switching to efficient lamps which would save countries, businesses and consumers considerable sums of money in reduced electricity bills. Few actions could reduce carbon emissions as cheaply and easily as the phase-out of inefficient lighting, making it one of the most effective and economically advantageous ways to combat climate change

Objectives

The GEF/UNEP en.lighten initiative has been established to accelerate global market transformation to environmentally sustainable lighting technologies along three main tracks:

  • Promotion of high performance efficient technologies, showcasing best practice initiatives to expand the market for efficient lighting in developing and emerging countries.
  • Phase out inefficient lighting technologies, developing a global policy strategy to phase-out inefficient and obsolete lighting products, in particular incandescent lamps, and thus abating GHG emissions from the lighting sector.
  • Substitution of traditional fuel-based lighting with modern, efficient alternatives, with consideration for mercury free and environmentally sound technologies. This is especially essential as approximately a quarter of the world’s population uses fuel-based lighting, with the consequent health implications and CO2 and emissions.
Country support

Country support activities of the en.lighten initiative focus on overcoming the technical and policy barriers to national, regional and international efficient lighting market development. They support activities at national/regional levels needed to undertake market transformation strategies, and to implement such strategies in a satisfactory manner.

Technical assistance to governments may also include the design of policies and incentives to encourage efficient lighting (including fiscal and/or financial incentives), support in developing and implementing harmonized international performance and quality standards, recycling systems or other priority activities indicated by countries.

12 countries from MENA region joined the Initiative. UNEP/ROWA is now working closely with three countries (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain) to develop their national phase out strategy and programme.

Territorial approach to climate change (TACC)

Scientific studies point out that climate change will exacerbate pressure on the already scarce and degraded natural resources and ecosystems in the Arab region. Although climate change is a global environment phenomenon caused by global release of Green House Gases (GHG), impacts are essentially exhibited at the local level. In almost all Arab countries, local communities and the local natural resources and ecosystems are the most vulnerable to climate change impacts. In addition, global wise, considerable portion of GHG emissions are attributed to cities. Therefore, actions to address climate change mitigation, impacts and vulnerabilities are more effective if taken at the local level.

The UNDP-UNEP Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) Project has three phases; the first phase, lead by UNEP, aims at disseminating information, increasing awareness and reaching out to sub-national authorities on the TACC approach through conducting a series of regional workshops. The second phase in assisting interested sub-regional authorities in developing Integrated Territorial Climate Plans (ITCP) and the third phase is ITCP implementation. A workshop for the Arab region was conducted in Cairo, Egypt, 17-20 January 2011 in cooperation with the Centre for Environment and Development in the Arab Region and Europe (CEDARE) and the Islamic Scientific, Educational and Cultural Organization (ISESCO).

For Workshop report including Agenda and list of participant, press here

Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region

The launch of this regional initiative took place at the Expert Group Meeting Towards Assessing the Vulnerability of Water Resources to Climate Change in the Arab Region (Beirut, October 2009), which was organized by the LAS, ESCWA and UNEP/ROWA with financial support from other regional organizations. A coordinated process for preparing the vulnerability assessment was agreed to during the meeting, which would take into consideration regional specificities and vulnerabilities in a clear and comprehensive manner.

For initiative file, press here

Promote Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change

PERSGA and the UNEP/ROWA shall collaborate in conducting a training workshop on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) and development of EbA initiative in the West Asia region. The training will focus on EbA application in critical ecosystems in the region such as coral reef, mangrove, low-lying lands, water resources and agriculture. The workshop will also provide an opportunity for participants to expand their professional network and equip them with the necessary information to replicate lessons learned at the national and local levels.

The main objectives of the workshop are:

  • To adopt nature-based adaptation actions at the local level and to scale up activities of UNEP flagship programme on Ecosystem-based Adaptation.
  • To provide responsible government officials and managers with the necessary tools and skills to implement ecosystem-based adaptation approaches to respond to climate change impacts and vulnerabilities and at the same time conserve critical ecosystems in the region.

The workshop will also be supported by the Islamic Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (ISESCO).

  • Mapping of Technology Centres and linking them to the global Climate Technology Mechanism of the UNFCCC

For Climate Technology Centres and Network Tentative List from the Middle East & North Africa, press here

  • Provision of advisory support to accessing to GEF and Adaptation Funding

At the Country Level

State of Kuwait

Preparing the initial national communication to UNFCCC for the state of Kuwait

As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the State of Kuwait is obliged to submit periodically national communications (reports) to inform Parties of measures taken to address climate change issues concerning Kuwait. This Project will enable Kuwait to fulfill such as obligation according to Articles 4.1 and 12.1 of the Convention. The project is financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented and executed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in full collaboration with Kuwait Environment Public Authority (EPA). The preparation of the national communication is expected to enhance general awareness and knowledge base on climate change related issues in the country, and to take these issues into account in the process of national planning and policy formulation. The Project is divided into four components:

  • Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Inventory
  • GHG Mitigation
  • Impacts and Adaptation
  • Other relevant Information

Iraq Republic

Initiating of the national communication to UNFCCC for Iraq

As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Iraq is obliged to submit periodically national communications (reports) to inform Parties of measures taken to address climate change issues concerning Iraq. This Project will enable Iraq to fulfill such as obligation according to Articles 4.1 and 12.1 of the Convention. The project is financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented and executed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in full collaboration with Iraq Ministry of Environment. The preparation of the national communication is expected to enhance general awareness and knowledge base on climate change related issues in the country, and to take these issues into account in the process of national planning and policy formulation. The Project is divided into four components:

  • Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Inventory
  • GHG Mitigation
  • Impacts and Adaptation
  • Other relevant Information

Sultanate of Oman

Initiating of the national communication to UNFCCC for Oman

As a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Oman is obliged to submit periodically national communications (reports) to inform Parties of measures taken to address climate change issues concerning Oman. This Project will enable Oman to fulfill such as obligation according to Articles 4.1 and 12.1 of the Convention. The project is financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), executed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in full collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs and Sultan Qaboos University (SQU). The preparation of the national communication is expected to enhance general awareness and knowledge base on climate change related issues in the country, and to take these issues into account in the process of national planning and policy formulation. The Project is divided into four components:

  • Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Inventory
  • Impacts and Adaptation
  • Other relevant Information

Partners