ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT

UNEP Key goals and activities for Ecosystem Management
  • Enhanced capacity of countries and regions to increasingly integrate an ecosystem management approach into development and planning processes.
  • Countries and regions have capacity to utilize ecosystem management tools.
  • Strengthened capacity of countries and regions to realign their environmental programmes and functioning to address degradation of selected priority ecosystem services.
  • Build capacity of countries to conserve biodiversity as it underpins ecosystem functioning and provides ecosystem services for the benefit of human wellbeing.
  • Provide policy guidance and advisory services to support the coherent and synergistic implementation of biodiversity-related MEAs to foster international environmental governance.
  • UNEP through its MEAs Implementation Support Branch at DELC and Regional outposted MEA focal points in the Regional Offices, ensure that synergies are promoted through activities under other biodiversity MEAs, namely the CBD, Ramsar Convention, CMS, CITES, WHC and ITPGRFA at the national level and are communicated to the Biodiversity Liaison Group (BLG) and other coordination bodies.


Regional activities
  • In implementation of CBD COP 10 decisions, UNEP-ROWA is providing policy guidance and technical support to government agencies and relevant partners in the NBSAPs updating process, and in particular the decision X/2 using the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and Aichi targets as a guiding framework for the synergistic implementation of all biodiversity MEAs and RIO conventions, addressing direct and indirect underlying causes of biodiversity loss, promoting equitable sharing, enhancing scientific cooperation, knowledge transfer, awareness raising and linking science to management and policy makers.
  • UNEP-ROWA is supporting a series of regional capacity building workshops to CBD parties in West Asia and North Africa in 2011 and 2012 in preparation for CBD COP 11, in October 2011 in Hyderabad, India. This involves all levels of the society, sectors, ILCs, private sector, regional organizations and most particularly other biodiversity MEAs to promote synergies and interlink ages.
Fresh Water Ecosystem

The objectives are to build on the regional and national achievements and on going work in the framework of implementation of IWRM and to promote and provide policy and technical advise to facilitate the implementation of IWRM at the national level with focus on transboundary issues.

The implementation strategy would consist of working closely with regional and national stakeholders to reach the following targets.

  • Enhance the dialogue between countries on up stream-down stream shared waters and transboundary water issues.
  • Make use of PPP to implement water projects.
  • Build regional and national capacities in water reuse.
  • Promote the involvement of national stakeholders.
  • Enhancing effective governance for integrated water resources management including river basins.
  • Adapting to climate change and enhancing drought management.
  • Promoting water demand management, efficiency and non-conventional water resources, and protecting quality of water and biodiversity.
  • Optimizing water financing, water valuation and appropriate instruments, with emphasis on innovative financial mechanisms and mainstreaming into decision making.
Activities
  • Development of a legal text for the cooperation between UNEP ROWA and GWP.
  • Contribution in the development of action plan for Arab Water Strategy adopted by the Council of Arab Water Minister in the framework of the league of Arab States(LAS).
  • Cooperation with ECSAD,ESCWA in the development of capacities of Arab Countries for Climate Change adaptation by applying IWRM.
  • Cooperation with GIZ , ESCWA and ACSAD in the implementation of project on Adaptation to Climate Change in the water sector in MENA region.
  • Designate new Ramsar sites (inland water and marine) in West Asia to promote wetland sustainable management, wise use, equitable sharing of ecosystem services, communication, education awareness and public participation (CEPA), regional cooperation and synergies with other MEAs.
Coastal and Marine ecosystems

The objectives are to work closely with regional organizations (ROPME, PERSGE, MAP) to streamline strategies and activities related to management of coastal and marine ecosystems and the conservation of marine and the re-establishment of deteriorated ecosystems.

The implementation strategy would consist of working closely with regional and national stakeholders to reach the following targets:

  • Improvement of the management of marine ecosystems.
  • Establishment of regional MPAs networks.
  • Identification of deteriorated marine habitats.
  • Reestablishment of deteriorated habitats.
  • Reduction of pollution from land and sea based sources.
Activities
  • Improving the management and connectivity of MPAs network in PERSGA area.
  • Preparation of guidelines, in Arabic, for the development of business plan and management of MPAs with the cooperation of PERSGA and organization of training course in the framework of Transboundary Institutional Mechanisms(TIM) project.
  • Organization of regional workshops on the implementation of ecosystem approach. A first workshop was organized in Januray 2012 with the cooperation of PERSGA and ROPME.
  • Launching of a pilot project in one country of the region. A project is under development for the implementation of ecosystem approach for the management of Tobli coastal area in Bahrain.
  • Launching a region wide technical assistance programme to implement ecosystem approach for priority ecosystems.
  • Preparation of TDA and SAP for ROPME area with the cooperation of GCC, World Bank and ROPME secretariat.
  • Implementation of “Environmental Resources Monitoring” project in Lebanon.
  • Identification of destructed habitats in ROPME and PERSGA areas.
  • Promote synergies on marine ecosystems with biodiversity MEAs and integrate targets and into national planning.
Land Ecosystems

The objectives are to build on the regional and national achievements and on going work in the framework of implementation of UNCCD and to promote and provide policy and technical advise to facilitate the application of ecosystem approach for the management of land.

The implementation strategy would consist of the provision of technical assistance to facilitate the implementation of UNCCD and 10 years strategic programme.

  • Improvement of the management of marine ecosystems.
  • Establishment of regional MPAs networks.
  • Identification of deteriorated marine habitats.
  • Reestablishment of deteriorated habitats.
  • Reduction of pollution from land and sea based sources.
Activities
  • Coordination with CAMRE for the implementation of UNCCD in West Asia region.
  • Update the SRAP for West Asia region with the cooperation of ACSAD.
  • Preparation of umbrella project for Republic of Iraq to facilitate, with the financial assistance of GEF, the implementation of UNCCD.
  • Improve terrestrial protected areas manageability and connectivity and promote synergies with MEAs and regional partners.
  • Provide policy guidance on biodiversity conservation in terrestrial ecosystems including for agro biodiversity, ecotourism, rangelands and mountain biodiversity.