CLEAN: The global vehicle fleet is set to triple by 2050 — with almost all growth to take place in developing countries. In order to avoid a proportionate growth in greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions, improvements in automotive fuel economy are required in the face of rapidly growing car use worldwide. Comprised of four organizations – the FIA Foundation, International Energy Agency, the International Transport Forum and the United Nations Environment Programme – the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) works to promote auto fuel and vehicle efficiency worldwide. The GFEI aims for a doubling of global vehicle fuel efficiency by 2050 as an integral contribution to a low carbon economy and greener transport systems. Within the GFEI, UNEP leads lead in supporting developing and transitional countries to develop clean and more efficient vehicle policies and programs to reduce vehicular emissions in line with internationally agreed targets.
By providing the space for discussion on automotive fuel economy and the expertise to develop policies in-country, the GFEI serves as a bridge between auto, government, international organizations, and NGO groups worldwide while also enabling change at the national level.
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The study was completed and published in 2010 with data from 2005-2008. The Mario Molina Center Chile (CMMCh) led an auto market environmental trend study focused on local pollutants (NOx and PM) and CO2 / fuel consumption. While the CO2 information for vehicles was not available for all models, the Ministry of Transport allowed access to emission data sets where CO2 emission is available for 65% of the car models.
Spanish version available here.
This proposes the establishment of a system of incentives for low emission and fuel efficient vehicles to promote a vehicle fleet transformation towards more efficient vehicles that present less local and global pollutant emissions. This system has the advantage of being fiscally neutral and produces a change towards cleaner vehicles in all segments of the vehicle fleet, as has been the case, for example, in France with the bonus/malus system, and in Denmark. This instrument is more efficient than the incentives for specific technologies, which have only demonstrated being effective in supporting the development of a new technology, such as hybrid vehicles, but that have had a marginal impact on the vehicle fleet. It is estimated that the incentive and disincentive system will imply a 5% reduction of CO2 emissions from the total national vehicle fleet in 2014, obtaining a total CO2reduction of 2.15 million tons during the next 5 years.English and Spanish version available.