This year, the global host country of World Environment Day is the Small Island Developing State (SIDS) of Barbados. A 430-square kilometer (166-square mile) island state, Barbados has a population of approximately 270,000 and is the most easterly in the Caribbean island chain. Its coastline is 97 kilometers (60 miles) in length and its capital, Bridgetown, is situated at a natural harbor on the southwest coast of the island.
The island enjoys a tropical, oceanic climate and has fortunately averted any direct hits by storms. However with the general increase in recorded air temperature over the last forty years, Barbados is expected to feel the effects of atmospheric temperature increase, sea level rise and its attendant impacts of erosion, inundation and saline intrusion, and changes in weather patterns. The sugar industry, which provides about 2% of the country’s GDP, and the tourism sector, which contributes about 15%, are both extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Barbados submitted its First National Communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2001.
Building a Green Economy is one of the strategic goals of this small island. According to the island’s National Strategic Plan (NSP 2006-2025), it aims to become a fully developed society that is prosperous, socially just and globally competitive by the end of the first quarter of the century. The NSP promotes six strategic goals in pursuit of the national vision for 2025. Goal four of the NSP speaks specifically of “Building a Green Economy: Strengthening the Physical Infrastructure and Preserving the Environment”.
Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison, an outstanding example of British colonial architecture consisting of a well-preserved old town built in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, which testifies to the spread of Great Britain's Atlantic colonial empire. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1376/