Natural resources can pose both risks and opportunities for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programmes. This report, jointly developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP/BCPR) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP/PCDMB) focuses on the role of natural resources in DDR programmes and illustrates how the management of natural resources can be used to promote more effective and sustainable reintegration for ex-combatants and associated groups.
The report presents the findings of field interviews conducted with national governments, UN officials, donors, civil society and non-governmental counterparts in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Uganda and Indonesia (Aceh Province). These findings are complemented by a thorough desk analysis of related policies and programmes for Afghanistan, Liberia, Cote d’Ivôire, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Nepal, and Colombia.
The findings of this report and its recommendations target both the DDR and natural resource management communities. It aims to help DDR policy makers and practitioners to prepare conflict-sensitive, gender-responsive programmes that mitigate risks posed by the potential capture of natural resources of former members of the armed forces and groups and to identify opportunities to use natural resources to contribute to post-conflict economic recovery, reintegration and sustainable development.
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This report was produced under UNEP’s Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding Programme